The Complex Dynamics of Alpha Males and Female Mating Behavior in the Wild and How it Relates to Humans



The dynamics of alpha males and their relationships with female animals in the wild have fascinated scientists and nature enthusiasts for years. While the term "alpha male" is more commonly associated with social hierarchies in primate groups, it's a concept that extends to various animal species. In this blog, we will explore the intriguing link between female animals giving themselves to alpha males, the physical and chemical changes they undergo, the curious behavior of other males, and how these parallels can be observed in the human world.

  1. Alpha Males and Female Mate Choice in the Wild

In many animal species, there is a hierarchy among males, with one individual being the alpha male. The alpha male often possesses physical and behavioral traits that make him more attractive to females, such as strength, dominance, or an ability to provide resources. Female animals may choose to mate with the alpha male due to the potential benefits this can bring, including better protection and access to resources. This choice can result in exclusive mating access for the alpha male.

  1. Physical and Chemical Changes in Females

When female animals mate with alpha males, they can undergo significant physical and chemical changes. This phenomenon is particularly evident in species like lions and wolves. For example, in lion prides, the females' reproductive cycles often synchronize after mating with the pride's alpha male. This synchronization is believed to be a mechanism to ensure that all cubs born in the pride have a better chance of survival due to coordinated care and protection from the alpha male.

Additionally, when a female mates with the alpha male, she may experience hormonal changes that influence her behavior and physiology. These changes can include alterations in stress hormone levels, ovulation, and even shifts in the immune system to adapt to the alpha male's genetic material.

  1. Other Males Licking the Female After Mating

In some animal species, such as elephants and certain primates, it is not uncommon for other males in the group to engage in peculiar behavior after a female has mated with the alpha male. One such behavior is licking the female's genitals. While this might seem odd to human observers, it serves a distinct purpose in the animal kingdom.

Licking the female's genitals by subordinate males is thought to serve several functions, including assessing the female's reproductive state and potentially influencing her future behavior. This behavior can also facilitate the spread of pheromones, which can further signal the female's readiness to mate and influence the group's dynamics.

  1. Response of Other Males

The behavior of non-alpha males in response to the alpha male's mating with a female can vary widely among different species. Some males may accept the situation and remain passive, while others may engage in submissive behavior to avoid conflicts with the alpha male. In some cases, non-alpha males may try to challenge the alpha male for access to the female.

These complex interactions among males are shaped by a combination of factors, including the species' social structure, the benefits of cooperating with the alpha male, and the potential consequences of challenging him.

  1. Parallels in Humans

While the concept of alpha males and female mate choice is more complex in humans due to our highly developed cognitive abilities and social structures, there are still some parallels. Human mate selection is influenced by various factors, including physical attractiveness, social status, and resources, all of which can be seen as modern-day equivalents to the traits of alpha males in the animal kingdom.

In some societies, there are still remnants of hierarchical structures and mate competition, though these dynamics have evolved significantly over time. Human behavior is influenced by cultural norms, personal preferences, and individual autonomy, making it distinct from the animal world. Nonetheless, the underlying biological and social factors that shape mate choice and competition are intriguing to explore.


The link between female animals giving themselves to alpha males in the wild, the physical and chemical changes they undergo, the response of other males, and how these dynamics can be mirrored in humans is a captivating subject of study. While the parallels are not direct, they highlight the fascinating interplay between biology and behavior across the animal kingdom, shedding light on the complexities of mating and social dynamics in both the wild and human societies.

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